Glossary of terms


Abjuration - an oath to abandon rights or allegiance Adjudged - implies a judicial determination of a fact, and the entry of judgement Assessment - a determination of property value Assessor - an officer responsible for setting valuations for taxation Certiorari - a writ issued by a superior court requiring a court to produce a certified record of a particular case. Chirograph - an obligation which a person wrote or subscribed with his own hand; an acknowledgment of debt, as of money received, with a promise to repay Commissioner of the Highways - officer of town government with the power to take charge of opening, altering, repairing, and vacating of highways Constables - an officer of a municipality whose duty it was to preserve the public peace. Corporation - in the case of the Corporation of the City of Albany, corporation is defined as a legal entity consisting of an association of individuals who act as a unit in promoting and acting upon matters relating to the common purpose of the association. Deed - a document which transfers land from one person to another; a conveyance of real property Fence Viewers - those local government officers responsible for regulation of fence lines In re - in the matter of; regarding; used in entitling a judicial proceeding in which there are not adversary parties such as in the case of a bankrupt's estate Indictments - a written accusation presented by a grand jury to a court charging a person therein named as guilty of an act prohibited by law Instrument - a formal or legal document such as a contract, deed, will, or lease Land Patent - title to public land granted to private citizens Lease - a contract for possession and profits of land for a determined period of time Ledger - a book of accounts in which all monetary transactions of a day are entered