Census fixes city population at 5,349.
||Register of Manumitted Slaves.
The Albany County Hall of Records currently stores a volume of manumitted slaves and their owners
||Town of Guilderland is established.
||Cornerstone of old
capitol is designed by Phillip Hooker and laid by Philip S. Van Rensselaer.
Old Dutch Reformed Church at State and Broadway is demolished.
Robert Fulton's steamboat Clermont makes successful run from New York to
Albany in less than 29 hours, ushering in the age of steam and a transformation of American industry and life.
||War of 1812, or Second
War of Independence.
Colonel Solomon Van Rensselaer leads attack on Queenstown Heights.
is presented with Freedom of the City Award in 1813 after Battle of Lake Erie.
||The Watervliet Arsenal is
established out of fear of attack from England via Canada during the War of
Battle of Plattsburgh turns back British invasion.
||Town of Westerlo is established.
Battle of New Orleans makes Andrew Jackson a national hero.
Treaty of Ghent ends War of 1812.
||Lancaster School is built in Albany.
begins on Erie Canal.
||Town of Knox is established.
||Funding is appropriated for
the creation of an Albany Basin, the interface between the Erie Canal's traffic and the Hudson River.
||Lafayette is welcomed to Albany on his tour.
City celebrates opening of Erie Canal.
A huge pier and basin for canal vessels
The Seneca Chief is the first boat to negotiate the full length of the Canal.
||DeWitt Clinton, builder of Erie Canal, dies at his residence on southeast corner of North Pearl and Steuben Streets.
||Mohawk & Hudson Railroad makes its run from Albany to Schenectady
Fifteen thousand canal boats and 500 sailing vessels arrive and depart.
||Town of New Scotland
||The Novelty, first steamboat to burn coal,
is built at Albany.
Albany Orphan Asylum is built.
Cholera epidemic takes 500 lives.
||Village of West Troy
is established (will later become the city of Watervliet).
Van Rensselaer dies, he was the last Patroon and founded Rensselaer
Helderbergs anti-rent war
||First railroad to Boston opens.
Albany Gas Light Company
||Second telegraph station
in nation opens in Albany, line extends to
||New state constitution ends feudal tenure.
Mexican War begins.
construction is completed.
becomes president of New York Central Railroad, with Commodore Vanderbilt consolidating several smaller railroad lines.
||Slavery, States' rights and Lincoln's bitter election split the
Reception in Old Capital for president-elect Abraham Lincoln.
Regiments leave for Civil War. New York State promises to raise 200
infantry regiments. Over the next four years Albany loses an average of 15 men
||Leland Stanford becomes the 8th Governor of the State of California. Governor Stanford was born in Watervliet in 1824.
he was a cofounder of the Central Pacific Railroad. Governor Stanford and his wife Jane
would found Stanford University in 1885 following the death of his only child Leland Stanford Jr. in 1884, at the age of 15. Governor Stanford
will state that the children of California would now be his children.
||Midnight celebration on word of Lee's surrender at Appomattox, VA.
lies in state at Capital, April 25-26.
Conspirators in Lincoln's assassination
are held in Albany Penitentiary while awaiting trial.
First railroad bridge over Hudson River opens.
The bridge had been opposed by watermen.
Albany's horse-drawn street railroad in operation.
The city of Albany spreads west and north.
||Work begins on present State Capital.
Albany resident John Wesley Hyatt discovers
celluloid, the first commercial plastic.
||City of Cohoes is established.
lights the city of Albany.
Work on present Albany City Hall begins,
replacing the one destroyed by fire.
|1882 - 1917
Albany County Jail uses the Bertillon criminal identification system, identifying multiple offenders by noting head and body measurements and personality characteristics.
is named U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
General Ulysses S. Grant dies in Saratoga County,
lies in state at Capitol.
||Bicentennial of Albany's City Charter
||Electric trolleys begin operating.
||Locomotive engine 999, built at West Albany Shops, sets world speed record of 112.5
miles per hour.
is dedicated in Washington Park.
Van Rensselaer Manor House is taken down and rebuilt in Williamstown, Massachusetts.
||Town of Colonie is established.
||Town of Green Island is established.
||City of Watervliet replaces village of West Troy.
by Albany native Captain Charles D. Sigsbee, is blown up in Havana Harbor.
leave for Spanish American War.
Cruiser Albany is named for city.