The mission of the Hall of Records is to preserve, educate and promote the rich history of Albany County of the State of New York.
The timeline presented is a listing of historical highlights emphasizing significant and varied records which can be beneficial to researchers and other interested parties.
The Hall of Records, under the jurisdiction of Albany County Clerk, Thomas G. Clingan, is a user-friendly repository which can be visited Monday through Friday from 8:30am-4:30pm.
Algonkian-speaking people, the Mahikans, call the Albany area: "The
Fireplace of the Mahikan Nation."
||Iroquois move into
the area, threatening the Mahikans.
||Reputed settlement by French fur traders on Westerlo Island.
of the Iroquois Confederacy, includes the Cayuga, Seneca, Onondaga,
Mohawk and Oneida tribes.
Seeking northwest passage to China, Henry Hudson, master of Dutch East
India Company ship Half Moon, reaches Albany on September 19, remains until
French explorer Samuel de Champlain explores the lake now named for him.
||Amsterdam merchants send ships up the Hudson River to trade for furs.
Dutch begin to explore interior of country.
||Fort Van Nassau is built
on Westerlo Island.
Map showing Dutch explorations of region and the fort is presented to States General in Holland, who grant permission for further trading voyages
Hendrick Christiaensen is named fort commander.
||Indians slay Hendrick Christiaensen
Flood washes out Fort Van Nassau, which is then rebuilt at foot of Normanskill.
||Treaty of Tawasentha is
made at Normanskill outlet by Jacob Eelkens, new commander of Fort Van
Nassau.Iroquois. Five Nations observe treaty until the time of the
Thirty Years' War begins in Europe, it will involve most Western
European nations and be immensely destructive.
||Dutch West India Company
is formed at Amsterdam to develop trade in
||The 260 ton ship
New Netherland sets sail from Amsterdam in March carrying Walloon refugees,
Several families settle around Fort Orange,
built at foot of Madison Avenue. Fort Orange was named in honor of Maurice,
Prince of Orange.
Fifteen hundred beaver and 500 otter skins are shipped to
Holland. More settlers will arrive in 1625, bringing cows,
horses, and sheep.
||The Mahikans seek
Dutch support against the Mohawks
Fort Orange commander Daniel Kriekebeck
is killed by Mohawks for aiding Mahikans and the settlement is largely
||A huge land area,
approximately 1 million acres, is purchased for Patroon Kiliaen Van Rensselaer and
known as Rensselaerswijck (now Albany and Rensselaer Counties).
from Holland, patroonships are created for those who would establish
Unity sets sail from Amsterdam with 30
settlers for Van Rensselaer's colony. Unity arrives
in early June.
||Albert Andriesen Bradt rents a sawmill on the Normanskill Creek from the
minister Domine Johannes
Hendrick Albertsen establishes first ferry to Greenbush.
Treaties of Westphalia ends Thirty Years' War.
First schoolhouse is erected, Andreas Jansen teacher.
On December 12, Philip Peter Schuyler marries Margarietta Van Schlechtenhorst, daughter of Brant Arent Van Schlechtenhorst.
||Dutch Governor Peter Stuyvesant has soldiers pull down Patroon's flag
and orders the removal of Patroons's trading post and houses from vicinity of Fort Orange; creates free village of Beverwyck.
||Record beaver trade: more than 57,000 skins
are shipped to Holland.
||Beverwyck and Fort Orange
are enclosed in wooden stockades as defense
||Arent Van Curler leaves Fort Orange (Albany) to found Schenectady, and satellite communities
||Governors of Boston, Nova Scotia and New York meet in Fort Orange to
make peace with Iroquois.
||Small pox epidemic
breaks out at Fort Orange and Beverwyck, killing many Indians and
||Dutch surrender New Netherland to the English Duke of York.
Beverwyck becomes Albany, an English community by conquest. Area
is named for Scottish title of Duke of York and Albany.
is appointed the first English schoolmaster.
||Parliament passes the Navigation Acts to regulate mercantilist balance of trade with British Colonies.
||The Dutch recapture Albany,
and rename it Willemstadt. It
will be returned to English by treaty in 1674.
||Fort Frederick is built on hill.
is called Jonkheers's or
||Commissioners from Massachusetts, Connecticut, Maryland and Virginia
come to Albany to make peace with Iroquois.
is established by New York Provincial Assembly; one of 12 original counties. Albany County
encompasses all of modern New York State north of Dutchess and Ulster Counties, as well as most of Vermont.
||Iroquois Indians declare Albany their "House of Peace,"
or treaty capital.
Fur trade fades, grain becomes cash crop.
Governor Thomas Dongan grants Albany a city charter, the "Dongan Charter."
is appointed mayor; Robert Livingston, clerk.
||Massacre of Schenectady by French and Indians. Simon Schermerhorn rides
all night to warn Albany.