World Our Fathers Made: A Survey of the Records in the County of Albany During the Constitutional Era. 1783-1815

World Our Fathers Made: A Survey of the Records in the County of Albany During the Constitutional Era. 1783-1815. (cover)

by Tracy B. Grimm

A guide to all the records at the Albany County Hall of Records that pertain to the Constitutional Era (1783-1815). It also includes records of the towns and cities of Albany County for this time period.

Acknowledgements, Introduction, and Preface

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Albany County almost always has been an important center providing 
goods and services, and has exercised an importance in state and 
national affairs beyond all proportion to its size.  In this grantfunded 
project, "World Our Fathers Made", can be seen our local 
manifestations of the concerns for human services and public needs 
not too different from those shared by Albany County today. 
In this case, shown in this guide to the public records of our 
communities, the past is truly prologue.          

James J. Coyne
Albany County Executive
1988

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Over the past three centuries and more, several dozen people 
have served as Albany County Clerk, the clerk of record for one 
of America's oldest communities, in one of New York's original 
Charter counties.  While these people helped to shape the region's 
history, and often were important functionaries, it was the records 
themselves which provided the continuity.  In a time of great flux 
and change such as the Constitutional Era, this records-keeping 
function creates the administrative portrait of the times, showing 
why decisions were made and who our people were.  To the all but 
anonymous County and Town Clerks of two hundred years ago, 
we owe a great debt.  Their safeguarding of these documents 
allows us to see the Albany County of their time once again.  
To this guide, "World Our Fathers Made", the scholars and 
educators of tomorrow will owe a debt nearly as great, 
as we seek to understand the turbulent birth of our nation 
as it was felt in the County of Albany two centuries ago.

Hon.  Thomas G. Clingan
Albany County Clerk

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

First and foremost I would like to thank Bob Arnold, former Executive 
Director of the Albany County Hall of Records, former County Historian, 
and director of this project.  His enthusiasm boosted my own when 
obstacles were encountered; his reading and rereading of drafts along 
with his knowledge of the area's local history, saved this guide from 
efforts otherwise overlooked.  I would also like to thank the Hall of 
Record's present Executive Director, Mary F. Vines, for her patient 
editing and her direction in preparing this guide for publication.  
To the archives staff at the Hall of Records - Meredith 
Cherven-Holland, Cari R. Palmer, Jeanenne Paquin, and Helen 
Chmielewski - I owe a great debt for familiarizing me with their 
archival policies and for their assistance in organizing the records 
survey. I would like to express my gratitude to the participants of the 
"World Our Father's Made" conference.  Their intellect and concerns 
served as a guide for the direction this survey would follow.  Those 
participants were Dr. Thomas Burke, Hon.  Robert J. Bums, Ms. 
Meredith Cherven-HoUand, Dr. James Folts, Dr. Maryanne Malecki, 
Mrs. Rose-Marie Manory, Hon.  Edita Probst, Hon.  Herbert Reilly, Ms. 
Valerie J. Restifo, Hon. Jane Springer, Mr. John Tmvis, and Ms. 
Cari R. Palmer.  I would like to single out Dr. James Folts of the New 
York State Archives and express thanks for his invaluable guidance 
and review of the Court Records section.  I would like to thank Mrs.
 Marie Wiedeman of the Bethlehem Historical Society for taking an 
afternoon and introducing me to the society's collection of local history.  
I would also like to- extend appreciation to Ms. Jane Springer, 
Guilderland Town Clerk; Mr. Paul S. Murphy, City Clerk of Watervliet; 
Ms. Carolyn M. Lyons, Bethlehem Town Clerk; and Ms. Kathleen Newkirk 
and Ms. Gloria Johnson of the Bethlehem Town Clerk's office for their 
time and efforts in making available their 
respective town records.

Tracy B. Grimm

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PREFACE

WHO WERE WE THEN?

Who were the people of Albany County during the nation's infancy.  
How did they make their livings, indeed, where did they live, 
what services did they require, what alterations in their environment 
did they make?  What chattels or real properties did they own?  
How do we know the rise or decline of their fortunes, the nature and 
result of their adversities, the roads they walked, the oxen they drove, 
the feral hogs they ran unringed?  The flavor of their lives is in 
the public records of the era, now two centuries remote.  
While we cannot imagine the relative silence or comparative isolation 
of their world, or fully understand the cultures in which they were 
formed, their public records reflect their needs, their hopes, and their 
reality; these records reflect the world our fathers made. A guide to 
the public records of the Constitutional Era - here defined as 1783-1815 
- has not been attempted on the local level before; these records are 
broad strokes on the canvas eventually depicting that time and give rise 
to our present. With funding from the New York State Commission on the 
Bicentennial of the United States Constitution, with the support of County 
Executive James J. Coyne, the Albany County Committee on the 
Bicentennial of the U.S. Constitution, the Hudson-Mohawk Institute 
of the College of Saint Rose, the Albany County Hall of Records, the 
Albany County Historian's Office, and, of course, Albany's County Clerks, 
past and present, Guy Paquin and Thomas G.. Clingan, this guide was 
created.  Special accolade is also due to Tracy Grimm, an intern from 
the College of Saint Rose hired with State Bicentennial commission 
funds to produce this guide.  Its high quality is all but entirely due to 
her.

Robert W. Arnold III
Project Director
November 17, 1988

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INTRODUCTION

While the nation's leaders were occupied with adjusting to the 
new Constitution, the government of the County of Albany and the 
local governments of its municipalities were occupied with meeting 
the growing needs of their citizens.  The Constitutional Era was a time 
of expansion and internal development for the County of Albany.  
As the population of the county increased, so did the partitioning of its 
townships.  The formation of townships and their local governments 
provided organization to allow these communities to develop 
accommodations for their individual, local needs.  Roads and highways 
were planned and built in response to the petitions of groups of citizens 
to their local boards of Highway Commissioners.  The rural communities 
of Albany County as well as the city of Albany were dependent upon 
their local governments for organization and implementation of their 
civil futures.  The existing records of this period in the County's history 
are today held by the Albany County Hall of Records,the County Clerk, 
Town Clerks, local historical societies, the Office of Public Records of 
the City of Albany, and the New York State Archives and Records 
Administration.  It is from the collections of these repositories that this
survey was compiled.    As with any historical study or survey,, limitations 
to the scope of this study were established due to restrictions of budget, 
time and focus.  "World Our Fathers Made" is a survey of public records, 
records which a government unit generates or keeps, created during 
the Constitutional Era.  The era has been defined as the period of 
1783-1815.  In accordance with this limitation, only those towns of 
Albany County whose dates of establishment precede 1815 have 
been included in this guide.

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ALBANY COUNTY RECORDS

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INDICES TO THE RECORDS OF ALBANY COUNTY

Farm Survey Index (1767-1878)    
Index to the Public Records of the County of Albany (1630-1894)
Index to Wills and to Letters of Administration (1780-1895)
Index Record of Leases (1767-1811)

Location: Albany County Hall of Records 

* = available on microfilm

*Farm Survey Index

This index is arranged alphabetically according to the name of the party 
requesting the survey.  The index provides descriptions of the areas 
surveyed, the name of the surveyor, and the date the survey was 
completed and filed with the County Clerk.

*The Index to the Public Records of the County of Albany

The Index to the Public Records of the County of Albany contains groups 
of Grantees, Grantors, Lis Pendens, Maps, and Mortgagors indices.  
The Grantee and Grantor indices are arranged alphabetically by the name 
of the grantee and grantor respectively.  They provide the name of the 
grantor and grantee, a description of the property, the date of the 
transaction, the date the deed was recorded, and the book number and
page of its location.  The Map and Mortgagor Indices each are arranged alphabetically 
and provide brief descriptions of the maps and mortgages along with their 
locations.  The Lis Pendens volumes, arranged alphabetically by the 
defendant's name, provide that defendant's name, the plaintiff's name, 
the date, the book and page where located, and a brief description.
Volume "C" of both Grantees and Grantors is of special interest since it
contains a record of Corporation transactions.  Subtopics of this section 
include lists of associations, banks, companies, religious organizations 
and societies that have corporate deeds or mortgages.

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 Title and Date: Quantity
	
        Grantees            1630-1895         12 volumes
	Grantors            1630-1895         14 volumes
	Lis Pendens         1630-1895          4 volumes
	Maps                1630-1904          2 volumes
	Mortgages           1630-1894         10 volumes

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 *Index to Wills and Letters of Administration (1780-1895)


This index is arranged by date of Probate.  It provides the names of 
deceased and the volume and page where the wills and letters can be located.


*Index Record of Leases                                    
Organized alphabetically, this index provides a register of
granted by the City of Albany.  It provides information such as the date
of lease, to whom granted, where situated, the amount due, and when
payment was due.


Albany County Records. 1742-1842. (41 documents).

Location: Albany County Hall of Records
Arrangement:	alphabetical by subject
Indexing: none


Albany County Oaths


	This collection contains a total of 41 oaths.  Each of the oaths 
contain a general statement of allegiance followed by signatures.  
	The collection includes two groups of oaths of allegiance to King 
George II.  While pledging allegiance to King George, they also contain 
oaths of abjuration of the person "who pretended to be the Prince of 
Wales" and his descendants.  These groups date from 1742-46 and 1772-1776.
	Other groups in the collection include declarations of opposition 
to church doctrines, such as transubstantiation, ranging in date from 
1719-1776, and oaths of allegiance to New York state dated 1778-1829, 
some of which also contain oaths of office for county clerks and 
justices of the peace.
	Oaths of allegiance to the U.S. Constitution (1789-1795) as well 
as Constitutional oaths combined with oaths of office also are included.  
Other documents include Military Oaths and Qualification Roll dated 1791-94, 
oaths of judicial officers, oath of Sheriff, oaths of allegiance and 
abjuration in Mayor's Court, 
1787-1842.


Title                                                      Date
Justification and Allegiance to King George 11,   
    4 documents ..............................................1742-1770 							                                               
Oaths of Allegiance to  King George III 
   2 documents ...............................................1772-1776                                               
Declarations of Opposition to Church Doctrines,
  8 documents ................................................1719-1776                                                
Oaths of Allegiance and Abjuration to State of N.Y.,
  3 documents.................................................1778-1793                                              
Oaths of Allegiance/ Abjuration-County Clerk.......................1808    
Roll of Allegiance, I document................................1778-1779                       
Oaths of Allegiance and Abjuration to N.Y.S........................1787   
Oath of Allegiance and Abjuration, (proposal to
outlaw dueling) ..............................................1791-1829 	                                                        
Oaths of Allegiance, U.S. Constitution,
2 documents...................................................1789-1795                                                             
Oaths of Militia Officers, 2 documents........................1791-1796                          
Judge Bronk's Military Qualifications Roll.........................1796                             
Oaths of Allegiance to U.S. and N.Y.S. Constitution
and Oaths of Office, 3 documents..............................1806-1808                                
Oaths of Justices of the Peace, 3 documents ..................1784-1790             
Oaths of Justices of the Peace and Qualifications
   Roll.......................................................1806-1808                                                                      
Oaths of Judicial officers of Inferior Court of 
  Common of Pleas..................................................1778                                                          
Oaths of County Clerks.............................................1778                                                     
Oath of Justice of the Peace.......................................1778                                             
Oath of Sheriff....................................................1778                                                                 
Oath of Allegiance and abjuration to N.Y.S. 
and U.S. Constitution, 5 Documents............................1789-1805                         
Mayor's Court Oath of Allegiance and 
Abjuration....................................................1787-1835            
Roll of Attorney's and Counsellors,
  Common Pleas................................................1780-1847                                                      
 

COUNTY CLERK: REAL PROPERTY RECORDS. 1767-1878.

97 VOLUMES.

Location:    Albany County Hall of Records
Arrangement: Chronological
Indexing:    some indexing through the index to the Public Records of the 
             City of Albany, Farm Surveys 
             Index, and Record of Leases Index.
     
     Real Property Records include items such as farm surveys, deeds, 
mortgages, leases, field books, and corporation conveyances.  
Many of these records can be indexed through the Grantors-Grantees Index 
to the Public Records of the County of Albany (see page 3). 
*- available on microfilm.


*Albany Assessment Rolls. 1813-1834. (1 vol.)
     This volume provides the assessment roll of the real and personal 
property in the Third Ward of Albany.  It is organized by streets, and the
names of those assessed.  A description of the property and the amount 
paid also is given.


*Chamberlain's Office Corporation Conveyances. 1797-1815.(2 vol.)
     The Corporation Conveyances are records of land granted or sold by the 
Corporation of the City of Albany.  The records provide the names of the 
new property owners, the date of the sale or conveyance, and a description 
or survey of the land.


*Commissioner of Deeds Indenture Made True. 1808. (1 vol.)
   This volume of indentures is a record of loans made by the County of 
Albany.  The loans, borrowed against land (collateral), were made in 
accordance with a state act entitled "An act for loaning monies to 
citizens of this state."
	Also included are handwritten accounts of payments made against 
the loans.


*Deeds. 1774-1815. (14 vol.)
     The volumes are arranged chronologically and within each year deeds 
are organized alphabetically by the grantee's name.  These deed records 
provide the name and address of grantor and grantee and a location 
and description of the property.  Since the original deeds were returned 
to the grantees, these documents are the copies which were filed with the 
County Clerk.

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Box #    Dates      Box#   Dates

10      1774-1785      17      1797-1801
11      1785-1788      18      1801-1804
12      1788-1791      19      1804-1808
13      1791-1795      20      1808-1810
14      1795-1797      21      1810-1812
15      1783-1791      22      1812-1813
16      1797           23      1813-1815

     Volume fifteen is of special significance as it contains the deeds in 
which Revolutionary War Veterans handed over their bounty lands to 
speculators.


*Farm Surveys. 1767-1878. (17 vol.)
     

     These unbound volumes are arranged and labeled alphabetically by 
landholder's last name.  A limited index is included.  Surveying 
calculations are included, along with boundary descriptions. Several names 
appear in the surveys which may be associated with the various towns.  
For example, names such as Ten Eyck and Ver Plank of Coeymans, and Huyck 
of Rensselaerville appear.


*Field Books. 1766-1804. (5 vol.)


     Field Books document the division of property in specific land patents, 
territories, or towns.  The books include survey information such as 
boundaries of patents and numbered lots which were often described by 
reference to bordering creeks, and individual lands.

 Field Book                   Dates
	
        Watervliet and Hosack Patent              1769-1772
	Bethlehem                                      1803
	Coeyman's Patent                               1788
	Lands Sold by Corporation of Albany            1804
	Division of Coeyman's Patent              1766-1791


*The Index to The Public Records of the County of Albany. 1630-1894. 
(38 volumes).



See page 3.


*Mortgage Books. 1773-1815. (16 vol.)
     Mortgage Books provide information such as names of mortgagor and 
mortgagee, along with property descriptions and locations.

	Mortgage Book #      Date      Mortgage Book #        Date
	
             4            1773-1782         12              1798-1803
	     5            1783-1785         13              1803-1807
	     6            1785-1787         14              1807-1809
	     7            1787-1789         15              1810-1813
	     8            1789-1790         16              1811-1830
	     9            1790-1794         17                   1813
	    10            1794-1796         18              1813-1815
	    11            1796-1798         19              1815-1818

COUNTY CLERK MAPS

Location:  Albany County Hall of Records
Indexing:  Some indexing through Grantor's Map Index


     The County Clerk's office collects all maps which form part of the 
county records.  The clerk's office holds maps of cities, towns, villages, 
cemeteries, roads, turnpikes, highways, and railroads.  The collection 
also includes surveys of property in conjunction with deeds, leases and 
mortgages.


 Title                                        Date
                                                       	
        -Beaver Creek, Property of Philip Wendell 	  1802
	-Catharine St. to City Line, Church St. to        
         Washington St.                                   1811                                                      				
        -City of Albany, Map of                           1790 	
	-City of Albany, Map of Livingston Lot
	Between Washington, Hamilton, and Green St.       1809 		
	-City of Albany, Map of North, South,
	and West Boundaries                               1808 			
	-Delaware Turnpike, Map of Sundry
	Lots on Both Sides                                1815 		
	-Dutch Church Lots, Map of                        1805 			
	-Dutch Church of Albany, Map of
	the Pastures	-		                  1799
	-Elizabeth Field to Area of the Dutch
	Church, Map of Property Lines                     1790 		
	-Gansevert, Leonard & John Wendell, Map
	and Survey of the Water Lots of 	          1793                        		
	-Great Western Turnpike, Map of Lots
	Belonging to J. Woodworth on the
	South Side                                        1833 			
	-Greenbush, Map of Estate of Col.
	John Van Rensselaer                               1806 			
	*-Guilderland, Map of Brown & McPherson
	Farms Showing North and South
	Boundaries of the City of Albany                  1788  			
	-Hudson River Properties including Properties
	of John Barclay, Thomas Hoghtaling,                                       
	John Brante, and Peter TenEyck 	   	        c.1770 
	-Kemp, Joseph & Isaac Lansing, Map of
	Sundry Lots                                       1813 			
	-Langer, Johanna, Survey of & Partition of
	Three Tracts of Land Granted                      1790 		
	-Lydius & Church St., Map of Lots Between         1807 	
	-Market St., Montgomery St., & Orange St.
	Map of Property Along                             1799 		
	-Montgomery St. From Orange St. to
	Quackenbush St., Map of the                           
	Continuation of 	                          1813 		
	-Preston Map, Part of                             1815 			
	-Robinson's Map, Property Along
	Hollenbake St.		                          1799 
	-Snipe St., Map of Lots Between Lion St.
	& the Schenectady Turnpike                        1813 		
	-Southwick, Solomon & Henry C., Maps
	of Lots Sold By                                   1813 			
	-Tauncey, John. Survey of Property Located
	in the Third Ward of Albany 	                  1794 		
	-Turnpike Road, Between Ananias Platt's
	Ferry Opposite of Troy to Schenectady             1802 			
	-Turnpike from Hudson River to Ferry St. in
	Troy to Village of Schenectady 	                  1806 		
	-Van Rensselaer, Col. John, Map of
	Estate at Greenbush                               1806 		
	-Water Lot Adjoining the Upper Dock,
	Map of                                            1803 	
	-Watervliet, Map of Laying of a Public
	Highway                                           1793 		
	-Watervliet, map of Property of B. Ten Eyck
	and Others                                        1788 			
	-Watervliet to the Village of Washington,
	Map of Proposed Road                              1800



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City of Albany Records

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Albany County and City Records

Location:    Albany County Hall of Records
Arrangement: Numerically; grouped by subject
Indexing:    None

Series Description:
	This collection, originally stored in City Hall, was transferred to 
the custody of the State Regents in 1911. This transfer was prompted by an 
1880 City Hall fire that destroyed numerous valuable documents.  The 
collection, which is comprised of 300 cubic feet of Albany County records 
and 65 cubic feet of Albany City records, was transferred from the State 
Archives and Records Administration (S.A.R.A.) to the custody of the city 
and county of Albany after their archives were established.The records 
within the Constitutional Era provide evidence of an expanding city with 
growing needs.  The record group includes deeds, leases, land patents, 
election records, assessment rolls, Alms House records, laws and 
resolutions of the Common Council, Chamberlain accounts, and other records 
relating to the functions of city government.

Albany City Records. 1726-1895. 47 file boxes.

Common Council Records
	
	Albany's 1686 Dongan Charter defined the power of the Common Council 
to make laws and ordinances.  By charter provision the Common Council was 
thus established as the legislative body of the city.  Members of the Common 
Council were also Commissioners of Highways for the City of Albany.  
Accordingly, this collection contains a large number of documents relating 
to the maintenance and development of the city's streets and roads. 
The role of the Common Council has remained relatively unaltered. Today, 
as a legislative body, it reviews and acts on legislation and resolutions 
for the government of the City and the management of its business.
	
      
     Common Council Records. (1783-1815).	              Box
	Laws and ordinances passed by the Common Council      (52-57)
	Street assessments and paving	                         1,10
	Granting of burial grounds	                           11
	Leases of ferry boats to individuals	                   13
        Granting of deeds and leases                11,12,17,18,22,44
        Survey of Corporation land                                 20
	Petitions to Common Council for land grants	          4,5
	Land patents	                                           21
	Petitions (misc.)	                                   36
	Inventory of papers of the city of Albany,Charter
	deeds, leases and bonds 1686-1774	                   31
	Conditions of sale	                                   37
	Granting of licenses by Common Council	                  150
	

Common Council Minutes. 1723-1817. (16 volumes).


The minutes of the Albany Common Council provide the names of those present, 
the date, and a description of the issues discussed.


Chamberlain's Records. (1783-1815).
	The Chamberlain or treasurer was elected by the members of the city 
corporation.  The Chamberlain received and disbursed all moneys raised by 
tax in the city.  This included such duties as collection of all assessments,
apportionments, and rents and also the disbursement of salaries and payment 
of corporation expenses.  Today, the responsibilities of the city treasurer 
have changed little and include collection,custody and deposit of all taxes 
and other city funds.  The treasurer's	office annually processes the 
billing and collection of property and other tax accounts.
	
Chamberlain Records	                                      Box#
        Inventory of City Chamberlain papers -
        1790-1791,1803	                                       31
        Chamberlain accounts, letters, receipts
        and vouchers	                          1,5,14,16,22,23,
                                23A,24,25,26,27,28,29,31,32,33,35,
	                           (45,46,48-51),(58,59,61,62,63),
		                        (64,65,66,67),75,77,78,87.
	
        Alms House Accounts	                2,5,(45,46,48-51)
	Poll lists	                                       14
	Albany Academy accounts	                               30
	Record of Albany County Bonds 1815	              151
	Indictments 1803-1815	                            669-1
	Recognizances 1790-1835	                            674-1


CITY ENGINEER MAPS


Location:  Albany County Hall of Records
Indexing:  Some indexing through Grantors' Map Index - see The Index to the 
Public Records of the County of Albany page
* = available on microfilm

	
	These maps are products of the City's Bureau of Engineering.  
The first official City Engineer and Surveyor was Abraham Oake who took 
office in 1800.  Still in existence today, the Bureau is responsible 
for all public works engineering projects in the City, makes engineering 
investigations, prepares drawings, and maps, and supervises public 
construction throughout the city.

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Title	                                      Surveyor 	              Date

*-Albany-Schenectady Turnpike	                   -	              1808
-Albany & Vicinity, Property Maps (69 maps)        -	      c. 1750-1829
-Barrack St., Survey for Street Extension
Between Orange St. & Fox St.	                   -	              1804
*-Bleecker, Barent & George Wray's Lots            -	              1794
*-Church Property at State Street & Barrack St.	   -	              1793
-City of Albany, Map of Sundry Lots
Laid Out Within                          	Van Alen	      1803
-City of Albany, Northern & Southern
Boundary Lines		                           -                  1800
*-Columbia St., Montgomery St., Quay &
Steubon, Map of                         	Van Alen	      1812
-Court St., Cowlane, and Bone Lane
Properties	                                   -	              1802
*-Dutch Church, Lower Pasture                      -	              1791
-Dutch Church Pasture	                           -	           c. 1800
*-Eagle St., Map of Lots lying West of	           -	              1794
-Eagle St. & Beaver St., Property Between	   -	              1814 
-Eagle St. & Beaver St., Property	           -	              1804
fifth Ward of Albany, Map of	                Schuyler	      1799
-Fonda, Isaaic and Abraham Van Vechten,
Map of Houses Built By		                   -                  1798
*-Foort, John J., Farm in Scaghticoke	        Van Alen	      1815
-Fort Frederick, Johnson, & DiVeke, Map of	   - 	              1790
*-Fort Hunter,.Map-of Land Belonging to the
Corporation of the City of Albany	        Bleeker	              1783
-Gallows Hill, Lots of	                        Schuyler	      1794
*-Gallows Hill, Map of	Schuyler	           -                  1799
*-Green St., Map of Property of		           -                  1802
-Hawk St. & Eagle, Property Between	        Oake	              1810
-Hawk, Wolf, Otter & Eagle St. Properties	Oake	              1810
-Hospital Lot, Lodge & Steuben St.		   -                  1806
-Hudson St. and Lancaster, Lots on	        Barclay	              1807
-Hudson St. & Lydius St. Properties
Between	                                        Barclay	              1805
*-Hudson River to Rensselaerwyck	        Van Alen	      1800
-John St. from Franklin to the River		   -                  1802
-Kilby's Dock		                           -                  1790
-Knox St.		                           -                  1791
-Lark St. & Dove St., Property Between	        Barclay	              1804
*-Lark St., Dove St., & Hawk St., Map of	   -	              1790
-Lion St. & Sand St., Hawk St. & Elk St.,
Property Between	                        Barclay	              1801
-Lower Church Pastures, Map at		           -                  1803
-Lyon St., Map of Boundaries of lots on
North Side		                           -                  1802
*-Maiden Lane and Dock St.	                Bogart	              1790
-Maiden Lane & State St.	                Oake	              1810
-Maiden Lane & State St., Lots Between
Being Sold		                           -                  1811
*-Mansion House (Phillip Schuyler),
Map of	                                        Carpenter	      1806
*-Market St. to Hudson River, Orange St. 
to Columbia St., Lots Between		           -                  1802
-Montgomery St. From Orange to
Quackenbush, Map of	                        Van Alen	      1813
*-New Road Laid Out From Foxes St. 
to theSchenectady Road		                   -                  1801
-New St. Between Montgomery, Quay &
& Columbia St.		                           -                  1812
*@New Street". (Columbia)	                Barclay	              1808
*-Oake St., Lot of Ground North of and
West of Barrack St. Belonging to the
Corporation of the City of Albany	        Campbell	      1794
*-Old Dutch Church Along the Albany
Schenectady Turnpike, Map for the
Property of		                           -                  1806
*-Post Road Between the Cities of Albany &
New York	                                Randel	              1810
*-Pearl St. & Market, Columbia St. &
Trump St. at Fox Creek	                        Chutt	              1799
-Proposed Road	                                Bleeker	              1793
-Public Square, Maiden Lane & State Street
Map of	                                           -	              1810
*-Publick Square Area Including Lodge,
Barrack, and Fox St.	                           -	              1803
-Schaticoke, Map of Corporation Lands at	   -	              1792
-Schachticook, Map of	                           -	              1801
*-State St. East Toward Eagle	                Barclay	              1809
*-State St., South of and East of Eagle St.,
Map of Lots		                           -                  1809
*-Swallow St. Including Area of Washington
Square		                                   -                  1809
-Tiger St., Lark St., Deer St. & Dove St.,
Map of Properties	                        Oake	              1811
*-Townsend Park, Map of area of		           -                  1808
*-Van Schaack, Grant W., Map of Land
Belonging To	                                Schuyler	      1795
-Van Woert St. From Market St. West		   -                  1800
*-Washington St., Map of Sundry Lots	        Van Alen	      1815
-Washington St., Lydius St., & Gansvoort St.,
Map of Property Between	Van Alen	           -                  1817
*-Water Street, Near Upper Dock		           -                  1792
*-Watervliet St. & Orange St., Property at
Corner of	                                Winne	              1793
*-Wendell, John., Map of Land on Court St.         -                  1792
-Wendle, Phillip., Map of Land Granted to	   -  	              1812
-Wolf St., Hawk St., Otter St. & Eagle St.,
Survey of	                                Hooker	              1810
*-Wolf St. & Lark St., Property Between	        Visscher	      1813
-Wolf St., Hawk St., Otter St. &
Eagle, Map of	                                Oake	              1810
-Wray, George, Map of Dock Lots Including
Steuben St. and Dock St.	                Bleeker	              1798

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Related Court Records

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New York Courts/Albany County Courts 1783-1815

Circuit Court. (1808-1823). (2 Volumes). 
	As the trial branch of the Supreme Court of Judicature, the Circuit 
Court tried personal actions involving demands of $250 or more.Justices 
of the Supreme Court were required at least twice a year to hold circuit 
courts in each county. The Circuit Court began	in 1692 and was renamed 
"Trial Terms of the Supreme Court" in 1894. 
	
               Title	                          Date 
	Circuit Court Minutes	                 1808-1823 
 

Court of Chancery. (1808-1825). (I volume.) 
 
	The Court of Chancery existed 1683-1847.  This court held general 
equity powers which enabled it to apply justice in areas which were not 
specifically covered by the common jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and 
County Court of Common Pleas. An index	to the cases is included but no 
descriptions of the cases are given. 
	
         Title                                     Date	                               
	Court of Chancery Register Ledger B      1808-1825	    

 
Court of Common Pleas. (I 785-1820). (7 volumes). 
 
	The origin of the Court of Common pleas can be traced to 1653.  
Jurisdiction of this court was confined to civil matters.  
The court mainly tried cases involving demands for debts and damages. 
Cases involving civil actions for slander, assault and battery, replevin, 
and other types of disputes were also tried. 
	The minutes provide the location, date and time of court sessions, 
judges present, and the proceedings. Proceedings include such court business 
as review of applications made by attorneys wishing to practice at the Bar 
of that court.  Also in the proceedings are minutes of cases, testimony of 
witnesses and verdicts of the juries. 
 
	Title                                        Date 
	Court of Common Pleas Minutes              1785-1820 

 
Mayor's Court. (1761-1832). (14 volumes). 
	Albany's Mayor's Court acted as a City Court of Common Pleas.  
Minutes state the location and date of each session along with the names of 
those present at each session. Mayor's Court "Alien papers" contain 
petitions for naturalization.  These petitions provide information such as 
the birthplace of the petitioner and the year the petitioner began residence 
inthe United States. Also included are sworn statements of character 
reference and the petitioner's sworn oath of citizenship. 
 
	Title	                                  Dates: 
	Mayor's Court Minutes, (14 volumes)	1761-1832 
	Mayor's Court Alien Papers (I box)	1800-1851 
	Mayor's Court Judgements (I box)	1802-1811 

 
Oyer and Terminer Minutes. (1805-1848). (6 volumes). 
	The Court of Oyer and Terminer, the criminal branch of the Circuit 
Court in each county, tried cases which dealt with higher crimes.  
Within the jurisdiction of the Oyer and Terminer Court were trial of 
indictments found by the grand juries to that court and to the Court of 
General Sessions. Recorded in the Minutes are court proceedings of each 
session, summaries of cases and judgements and lists of presiding judges 
and jurors involved. Cases involve crimes such as burglary and assault and 
battery. 
	Title	                          Dates: 
	Oyer and Terminer Minutes	1805-1848 

 
Surrogate's Court Records. 1787-1845. (5 boxes) 
 Included in this group of records are not only wills and letters of 
administration but also an index to the wills and letters.  The index is 
organized alphabetically.  Many of the wills are stored at the Surrogate 
Court. 
 
	Title	                                       Date 
	Surrogate's Court Index to Wills 
	and Letters of Administration	              1787-1845 
	Albany County Surrogate Wills and 
	Letters of Administration, 4 boxes	      1800-1840 
 

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RECORDS OF TOWNSHIPS

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RECORDS OF THE TOWN OF BERNE

 
	The Township of Berne was established in 1795 through an act of the 
State Legislature.  Originally part of the Town of Rensselaerville, 
"Bern" (the final "e" was added later) was the fourth township to be 
separated from the then Town of Watervliet. 
	Sources to consult for public records of this town include the 
Index to the Public Records of the County of Albany (see page 3) in which 
Deeds and Mortgages can be located, and the Farm Surveys Collection 
(see page 8).  Since the Farm Surveys were done at the request of 
landowners,the collection covers random areas of the County. With some 
searching, surveys pertaining to the area of Berne may be found. 

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RECORDS OF THE TOWN OF BETHLEHEM

 Town of Bethlehem Minutes. 1794-1813.  One volume (16' x 10') 
Location: Bethlehem Town Clerk's Office 

 	The minutes of the Town of Bethlehem begin with a town meeting 
held at the house of Henry Burhans, "Innholder". on Tuesday, April 1, 1794. 
	These minutes record the passage of several resolutions.  
It was resolved that the sum of 100 pounds be raised to support the poor 
during the ensuing year.  A resolution for the more orderly control of 
cattle was approved; "no stallions, swine, or unruly cattle shall be allowed 
to run at large in the public Highways". The minutes state that these 
resolutions were passed by a majority vote of the freeholders and 
inhabitants present. 
	In addition to a record of resolutions, the minutes provide a record 
of officers chosen each year.  The volume's first entry provides the names 
of the first officers chosen, including Supervisor (Phillip Van Rensselaer); 
Town Clerk (John Van Derheyden); Commissioner of the Highways (3 persons 
named); Overseers of the Poor (2); Assessors (5); Collectors (2); Constables 
(7); Overseers of the Highways (20);Pound Masters (2); Fence Viewers (2). 
	At an April 15, 1794 meeting of the Commissioners of Highways, it 
was ordered that the Overseers of the Highways of the Town of Bethlehem be 
directed to make out lists of the names of persons working under their 
directions.  A description of an overseer's assigned area or road is given, 
followed by a list of men under the direction of that overseer; several such 
entries occurred after the 1794 order.  One,dated 1797, contained a list 
twelve pages long, including 33 overseers and all of their workers. 
	Throughout this volume appear lists of persons granted licenses and 
permits by the Commissioners of Excise.  Names are listed along with the 
amount paid and how paid, i.e. "grantice" (sic), etc.  Petitions for 
the building of roads are recorded along with proposed locations and 
descriptions of those roads. 

 
Book of Strays. 1794-1831.  One volume. (13' x 8). 
Location: Bethlehem Historical Society 

 
	The Book of Strays records descriptions of wandering cows, horses, 
and pigs along with their marks. Also described are the cattle marks or 
brands of several landholders. 

 
Manumission Records. 1799-          . Photocopies only. 
Location: Bethlehem Historical Society 
 
	These records are labeled with the title, "Records of Bethlehem For 
the Purpose of Interring Negro Children Born Slaves From this First Day of 
July 1799 "(sic).  The entries contain assessment by Overseers of the Poor 
of the health of a slave to be freed and the slaves' ability to subsist.  
Also recorded are requests by owners to allow their slaves to be manumitted 
upon the death of said owner. 

RECORDS OF THE TOWN OF COEYMANS

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	The Town of Coeymans was established in 1791 following its partition 
from the Township of Watervliet. Records of the Town exist mainly as 
property records collected by the Albany County Clerk. 
	The Albany County Hall of Records holds a "Coeyman's Patent Field 
Book" dated 1788 and a field book entitled, "Division of Coeyman's Patent," 
dated 1766-1791 (see "Property Records" page 7).  An additional source 
available for locating existing records is The Index to the Public Records 
of the County of Albany (see page 3) in which Deeds and Mortgages can be 
found. 

RECORDS OF THE TOWN OF GUILDERLAND

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 Town of Guilderland Minutes. 1803-1834. 1 volume. (I 7' x II). 
Location: Guilderland Town Clerk's Office 
 
	The Town of Guilderland holds a complete collection of town records 
from its first town meeting until the present.  Although the collection  
provides only one volume dating from the Constitutional Era, the information 
contained in this source is abundant and, from it, a valid image of the 
lifestyle of the town's residents during the first decade of the nineteenth 
century can be developed. 
	The first volume, The Records of the Town of Guilderland (1803-1834) 
begins with a copy of the special act of the State Legislature which 
partitions from the Town of Watervliet a separate town by the name of
"Guilderlandtandt".  Along with this act are the minutes of the first town 
meeting held at the house of Henry Apple.  The meetings were held at the 
Apple residence (and tavern) for several years, even after Henry Apple's 
death, when the minutes of 1812 record the meeting as held at the Widow 
Apple's house.  The results of the town election are listed, providing the 
names of the Town's first elected officials. Minutes of this first meeting 
contain a record of the first resolutions passed.  Included in these 
resolutions is a law prohibiting hogs from running at large and a resolution 
promising that a bounty of thirty dollars would be paid by the town to any 
person killing a wolf. 
	The volume includes a long list of those citizens that were 
qualified and of sufficient ability and understanding to serve as jurors.  
The names and occupations of these persons are listed; in some cases there 
is also a listing of disqualified citizens and the reason, such as old age, 
that they were disqualified. 
	Manumission of slaves is also recorded.  Slave owners were required 
to report births among their slaves and renounced ownership of these newborn 
children.  One such entry is a certificate by Fredrick Crounce 
dated April 28, 1803, which gave notice of the birth of a black male child 
named Simon to Crounce's "negro wench slave named Dianna". 
	Included in the minutes is a record of licenses and permits granted 
for retailing "strong and spiritous liquors".  The licenses' names appear 
along with the number of licenses and permits they received, the cost, 
their "places of abode", and whether or not the fee was paid. 
	Other meetings provided descriptions of domestic animals which broke 
into neighbor's enclosures, as well as descriptions of brands farmers used 
on livestock (cattle, sheep, and hogs).  Several of the minutes contain 
records of the divisions of the road districts by the Commissioners of 
Highways.  A petition for the laying of a public highway and the tract of 
land proposed is described.  The volume includes a record of payments by 
the town for repair of bridges and roads in the town.  Also recorded is the 
first division of the town into school districts. 

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RECORDS OF THE TOWN OF RENSSELAERVILLE

Rensselaerville Town Minute Book. 1795-1833. (12.5' x 7.5). 
Location: *on microfilm at the New York State Archives and Records 
           Administration. 

 
	The minutes of the Town of Rensselaerville contain records of 
resolutions passed,. officials elected and appointed, election results, 
minutes of road commissioners, and excise commissioner's minutes. 
	The book's first entry begins, "At a meeting of the freeholders and 
inhabitants of the Town of Rensselaerville held at the house of David 
Crooker Esq. on the first Tuesday and Wednesday in April 1795"; the minutes 
continue on to record a vote on "petitions of freeholders" to lay a road.  
At this first April meeting appointments of persons to take the census were 
made and several resolutions were passed.  One resolution reads, "Resolved 
by said freeholders and inhabitants that the fences in said town which are 
made four and a half feet high and well erected shall be adjudged to be 
lawful for the ensuing year". 

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RECORDS OF THE TOWN OF WATERVLIET

Town of Watervliet Minutes. 1793-1844. 1 volume. (I 7' x II') 

 
	The minutes of the Town Board of Watervliet begin with the events of 
a town meeting held April 2, 1793 at the house of Isaac Truax Junior, 
Innholder.  Minutes from nearly every meeting included election results 
providing the positions and names of those elected.  The list for this 
meeting included: Supervisor, (Stephen Van Rensselaer Esq.), Town Clerk, 
(Luther Trowbridge), Commissioners of Highways, Assessors, Overseers of the 
Poor, Collectors, Pound Masters, Street Masters, Fence Viewers, Overseers of 
Highways, and Constables.  Common in town meetings was the passage of 
resolutions which indicate what community life was like and how it was 
changing. 
	A particular resolution passed at the April meeting provided that 
one hundred and eighty pounds, nineteen shillings and six pence be raised 
for the support of the poor of the town.  Support of the poor was an issue 
common to each town meeting.  At the April 3, 1799 meeting the town resolved 
to set aside one hundred pounds for the poor; at the 1802 meeting sixty-one 
pounds was to be raised and at the 1809 meeting it was agreed that four 
hundred dollars would be raised for the support of the poor. 
	Throughout the volume appear lists of persons granted licenses and 
permits by the commissioners of excise.  Names and residences were recorded, 
including some in Colonie and along the Old Schenectady Road. 
	Slave manumissions were also recorded in the Town minutes.  It 
appears that the slave owner had to certify with the town any slaves to 
whom he granted freedom, with approval by the town justice of the peace.  
Those manumissions recorded include a statement and agreement by the slave 
owner that the former slave is granted freedom.  Following this statement 
is an official acknowledgement by the overseers of the poor and justices of 
the peace.  Many of the manumissions are of newborns.  In these cases the 
owner of slave parents certified an abandonment of any claim to the child. 
	Resolutions for the control of roaming animals were frequent.  
Specific resolutions forbade the free running of stallions, swine, and 
rams.  Fines varied with each meeting.  At the April 1793 meeting it was 
resolved that all rams be kept enclosed from the first day of May to the 
first day of August under penalty of gelding. 
	Many of the town meetings held during this period were occupied with 
the upkeep and development of roads and bridges.  The April I 1, 1793 
meeting of the Commissioners of Highways recorded those present:Bastian 
Visscher and Gernt Witbak.  Also recorded is the resolution of an act for 
the better laying-out, regulation and repair of all common public highways.  
At the May 18, 1793, meeting it was resolved that improvements on the public 
roads and bridges within the Town of Watervliet were absolutely necessary 
and the Commissioners agreed upon the sum of one hundred pounds to be raised 
for the ensuing year.  The minutes of the August 7, 1793 meeting record a 
petition for the necessity of laying out of a Public Highway through a 
pasture of Stephen Van Rensselaer. 
	As evidenced by recorded complaints, the regulation of the highways 
was a persistent issue.  One such complaint involved the actions of John B. 
Brandt and John Baker who were "making obstructions in the public highway 
at the Southwest corner of the Cross Street opposed to the House of Henry 
Quackenboss on the east side of Watervliet Street".  It is recorded that 
the laying of timber and the preparations for erecting a building were the 
cause of the obstruction.

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RECORDS OF THE TOWN OF WESTERLO

 
	Since the town of Westerlo was created in 1815 from pieces of the 
neighboring Townships of Coeymans and Rensselaerville, records of the 
Township for the year 1815 are sparse.  Records of the area and its 
residents prior to 1815 are dispersed among records of Coeymans and 
Rensselaerville.  The types of public records that may be uncovered include 
farm surveys, deeds and maps.  References to Westerlo may also be 
found in the Town Minutes of Rensselaerville. 


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COURT RECORDS OF ALBANY COUNTY HELD AT THE STATE ARCHIVES


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Supreme Court of Judicature

 
Series No.          Series Titles and Dates                      Quantity 

Writs of Summons and Arrest 
J0168	        Precipes and Original Writs (Albany or Utica),     .8 c.f.                      
                1815-1825 
Special Bail Pieces 
J0096           Special Bail Pieces (Albany), 1797-1847          16.3 c.f. 
Special Bail Books 
J1202	        Special Bail Books (Albany), 1799-1801,            1 item 
		1807-1827	                                   2 vols. 
Recognizance Rolls 
J0002	        Recognizance Rolls (Albany), 1797-1834	          2.6 c.f. 
J0143	        Committiturs and Orders for Exoneretur	          2.2 c.f. 
		(Albany), 1797-1829 
Declarations and Pleadings 
JOO11	        Motions and Declarations (Albany), 1796-1847.	187.9 c.f. 
 
Copies of Pleadings Furnished To Trial Courts 
J0022	        Copies of Pleadings Furnished to Circuit	 47.7 c.f. 
		Courts ("Nisi Prius Records," "Circuit Rolls") 
		(Albany), 1797-1847 
Depositions and Summaries of Testimony 
J0170	        Writs of Commission (Albany and Utica),	          1.3 c.f. 
		1802-1843 
 
Judgment Rolls 
JO140           Judgment Rolls (Albany), 1797-1847              326.4 c.f. 
 
Dockets of Judgments 
JO141           Docket of Judgments (Albany), 1797-1847            28 c.f. 
 
Writs of Execution 
J0024               Writs of Execution (Albany), 1797-1847        79.1 c.f. 
Minutes and Registers of Return of Writs 
J3130	       Minutes of Return of Writs by Sheriffs	             I Vol. 
		(Albany), 1797-1799 
J0226	       Registers of Returns of Writs (by County),	    6 vols. 
	       1815-1847 
 
Common Rule Books 
J1165          Common Rule Books (Albany), 1797-1849              101 vols. 
General and Special Term Minute Books 
J0131	       General and Special Term Minute Books	           29 vols. 
		(Albany), 1797-1847 
JI130	       Engrossed Minute Books (Albany), 1797-1807	    2 vols. 
 
J0079	       Minute Books for the Trial of Issues (Albany),	    3 vols. 
	       1798-1800 
Motion Papers 
J7011	       Briefs, Draft Rules, and Motions   	           1.3 c.f. 
Motion Papers 
J7011	       Briefs, Draft Rules, and Motions (Albany),	   1.3 c.f 
	       1812-1827 
J0001	       Miscellaneous Motions (Albany, Geneva),	             6 c.f. 
               ca. 1806-1847 
 
Calendars of Enumerated Motions 
J0241	       Calendars of Enumerated Motions (Albany),           68 vols. 
 
Writs For Transfer or Review of Cases From Lower Courts 
J1025	       Writs of Certiorari, Error, Habeas Corpus, and    
               Mandamus (Albany, Utica) 1800-1847 
Insolvency Papers 
J0154	       Insolvency Papers (Albany), 1795-1842	            40 c.f. 
	       Partition Papers 
J0019	       Reports of Commissioners to Partition Lands	    1.7 c.f. 
	       (Albany), 1802-1819, 1824, 1829 
 
Naturalization Papers 
J5011	       Naturalization Papers (Albany), 1799-1812	     .2 c.f. 
Other Records 
J4011		Lists of Freeholders Qualified to Serve as	    1.3 c.f. 
 		Jurors (Albany), 1789-1821 
J2011	        Criminal Case Documents (Albany), 1797-1808	     .4 c.f. 
J1011	        Fines and Chirographs (Albany), 1799-1829	    1.0 c.f. 
J0152	        Bonds of Plaintiffs and Appellants (Albany),	    1.7 c.f. 
	        1808-1848 
J1041	        Petitions and Affidavits for Proof of Wills	     .2 c.f. 
		(Albany), 1801-1828 
Clerk's Financial Records 
J1244	        Ledgers of Accounts with Attorneys	             2 vols. 
		(Albany, Utica, Geneva), ca. 1813-1817, 
		1842-1844 
JI152	        Bills of Costs (Albany), 1802-1812	             .2 c.f. 
 
List and Appointments of Agents and Commissioners 
J9011	        Lists of Supreme Court Commissioners	             2 items 
		(Albany), 1788-1800 
JJI150	        Registers of Agents (Albany), 1799-1813	             4 vols. 
 
Certificates of Clerkships 
J0104           Certificates of Clerkships (Albany), 1809-1847      7.7 c.f. 

Court of Chancery

 
J0059	       Chancery Minutes, 1781-1829	                    47 vols. 
J1059	       Register's Engrossed Minutes, 1807-1812	             3 vols. 
J0045	       Common Order Book, 1806-1830	                     6 vols. 
J0240	       Daily Record of Common Orders and Other	              I Vol. 
	       Process Issued by Clerk in Chancery ("Rule 
	       Book in Chancery'), 1815-1829 
J0095	       Chancery Registers, 1780-1823	                    26 vols. 
J0072	       Register's Minutes of Causes, 1813-1847	            12 vols. 
J0066	       Index to Enrolled Decrees Before 1800,	              1 Vol. 
	       1712-1799 
J0064	       Index to Enrolled Decrees After 1800,	              1 Vol. 
	       1801-1847 
J0058	       Index to Re Papers, 1800-1847	                      1 Vol. 
J]071	       Index to Chancery Papers, 1800-1847	              1 Vol. 
J0071	       Index to Miscellaneous Files in Chancery,	      I Vol. 
	       1772-1847 
J0065	       Chancery Decrees and Papers Before 1800,	            57 vols. 
		1684-1815 
J0063	       Chancellor's Enrolled Decree After 1800,	            144 c.f. 
		1801-1847 
J0057	       In Re Paper, circa 1800-1847             	   21.5 c.f. 
J0087	       Miscellaneous Files, 1772-1847	                     81 c.f. 
J0070	       Chancery Papers, 1800-1874	                    108 c.f. 
J2176	       Register's Statement of Cases Handled by the	     1 item 
	       Court of Chancery Between 1794-1825,circa 1825 
Chancery Fund 
J9076	       Internal Accounts and Administration File,	    .5 c.f. 
               1805-1847 

Court of Probates

 
J0208	       Orders and Decrees, 1811-1823                        1 Vol. 
J0032	       Letters of Administration, 1795-1823	            2 Vol. 
J0036	       Inventory of Wills, Administration Papers, and	    1 Vol. 
	       Inventories Transferred from the Secretary of 
	       State to the Court of Probates, circa. 1783 
J0038	       Probated Wills, 1671-1815	                    9 c.f. 
J0301	       Inventories and Accounts, 1666-1823	            6 c.f. 
J0033	       Administration Papers, circa. 1700-1823	           12 c.f. 

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Glossary of terms


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Abjuration - an oath to abandon rights or allegiance 
 
Adjudged - implies a judicial determination of a fact, and the entry
   of judgement 
 
Assessment - a determination of property value 

Assessor - an officer responsible for setting valuations for taxation 
 
Certiorari - a writ issued by a superior court requiring a court 
   to produce a certified record of a particular case. 
 
Chirograph - an obligation which a person wrote or subscribed with 
   his own hand; an acknowledgment of debt, as of money 
   received, with a promise to repay 
 
Commissioner of the Highways - officer of town government with the 
   power to take charge of opening, altering, repairing, and vacating of 
   highways 
 
Constables - an officer of a municipality whose duty it was to 
   preserve the public peace. 
 
Corporation - in the case of the Corporation of the City of Albany, 
   corporation is defined as a legal entity consisting of an association of 
   individuals who act as a unit in promoting and acting upon matters 
   relating to the common purpose of the association. 
 
Deed - a document which transfers land from one person to another; 
   a conveyance of real property 
 
Fence Viewers - those local government officers responsible for 
   regulation of fence lines 
 
In re - in the matter of; regarding; used in entitling a judicial 
   proceeding in which there are not adversary parties such as in the case 
   of a bankrupt's estate 
 
Indictments - a written accusation presented by a grand jury to a 
   court charging a person therein named as guilty of an act prohibited by 
   law 
 
Instrument - a formal or legal document such as a contract, deed, 
   will, or lease 
 
Land Patent - title to public land granted to private citizens 
 
Lease - a contract for possession and profits of land for a 
   determined period of time 
 
Ledger - a book of accounts in which all monetary transactions of a 
   day are entered 

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Hon. Bruce A. Hidley, Albany County Clerk

Hon. Bruce A. Hidley,
Albany County Clerk


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